Originally, the Swift programming language was created to develop programs for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS platforms. Sign up to our developer dashboard and start building your chat app for free. As we mentioned in the intro, there’s really only one scenario in which you would want to pick Objective-C as your programming language. And that is if you’re an expert in Objective-C and you’ve inherited a codebase already written in Objective-C.
Let’s look at the key differences between Objective-C and Swift’s feature sets. Before we compare Swift and Objective-C, let’s go over the basics of each programming language. For example, Uber uses both Objective-C and Swift. Lyft, on the other hand, has moved completely to Swift.
Does Apple use Swift for backend?
Backend development using Swift
While you can use Swift for full-stack development, it is one of the best options for backend programming. Since Apple devices are quite sophisticated, you need a robust backend when creating an agile Swift application.
Swift throws away antiquated ways of writing code, and also is intelligent in the way that it interprets code. \ Ultimately, Objective-C is ~30+ years old, and while it has served us well, it is time to move forward. We live in a completely different world than we did in 1983, in all aspects of things, but especially from a technological standpoint. It makes perfect sense to re-write the language that we are using, as we are developing for technology that couldn’t even be dreamed of in that time. In years, we will be looking at another entirely new thing, written for the technology then, which will likely be completely different from now.
Swift vs Objective-C: Which One to Consider For Your Next iOS App?
You cannot overestimate the essentiality of documentation. The more you understand the language and its tools, the easier for you to avoid errors.
- It was developed by Chris Lattner with eventual collaboration with other programmers at Apple.
- It isn’t the only difference regarding the development environment though.
- The value of a constant doesn’t need to be known at compile time, but you must assign it a value exactly once.
- However, if you decide to use Swift, Cocoa Touch enables you to create apps for Apple Watch and Apple TV too.
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If that’s not the case, you should heavily consider using Swift vs. Objective-C. Swift’s implicit namespacing support allows developers to improve code structure by grouping relevant elements into local scopes and makes code more self-documented. Dawid is a full stack developer experienced in creating Ruby on Rails and React Native apps from naught to implementation. Technological superhero, delivering amazing solutions for our clients and helping them grow. First, Apple probably will steadily withdraw from Objective-C. You can observe how Swift is developed and promoted.
Although Objective-C and Swift are native languages of iOS, they are not the same. Even though Apple has equipped Objective-C with a garbage collector, it still isn’t as efficient as well written Swift code. Simpler syntax and performing type checking at compile-time, help Swift to outperform Objective-C.
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Marco is a Senior iOS developer specializing in game development with a particular affinity for coding conceptually original apps. He has coded extensively using Objective-C, and is proficient in designing architecture, algorithmic and performance problems, and slick UI effects and customization. To put it in a nutshell, Swift can be considered as a coding language of the future. So It’s high time to make the switch to the more approachable, full-featured Swift for iOS, Watch-OS & MacOS app development. Moreover, Swift can be used as a scripting language. It is an interesting solution for the iOS community to unify writing of build scripts.